Southampton’s Ryan Bertrand won the Champions League with ChelseaKick-off: 3pm, Saturday 27 February 2016Referee: Martin Atkinson (Leeds)Match in a nutshell: Unbeaten in nine league games under Guus Hiddink, Chelsea aim to end Southampton’s long run without conceding.Five key battles: Including Willian v Ryan Bertrand Injuries and suspensionsSOUTHAMPTONRuled out: Victor Wanyama (suspended), Jay Rodriguez (ankle), Florin Gardos (knee).CHELSEARuled out: John Terry (hamstring), Kurt Zouma (knee), Radamel Falcao (thigh). Possible line-upsChelsea: Courtois; Azpilicueta, Cahill, Ivanovic, Baba; Matic, Fabregas; Willian, Hazard, Pedro; Costa. Subs from: Begovic, Amelia, Aina, Miazga, Clarke-Salter, Mikel, Loftus-Cheek, Oscar, Traore, Kenedy, Pato, Remy.Southampton: Forster; Cedric, Van Dijk, Fonte, Bertrand; Romeu, Davis; Mane, Ward-Prowse, Tadic; Long.Subs from: Stekelenburg, Gazzaniga, Targett, Yoshida, Martina, Clasie, Juanmi, Pelle, Austin. Vital statisticsForm guide – last five league matchesSouthampton total: W W D W W (13 points)Home: W W W W L (12 points)Chelsea total: W D D W D (9 points)Away: D W W D L (8 points)Top scorers – all competitionsChelsea: Costa 13; Willian 10; Oscar 8; Pedro 5; Cahill 3, Ramires 3, Remy 3, Traore 3; Azpilicueta 2, Fabregas 2, Hazard 2, Zouma 2; Falcao 1, Ivanovic 1, Kenedy 1, Loftus-Cheek 1, Matic 1, Mikel 1, Terry 1.Southampton: Long 9, Pelle 9; Mane 7; Tadic 6; Rodriguez 3; Davis 2, Fonte 2, Romeu 2, Van Dijk 2, Ward-Prowse 2, Yoshida 2.Last five meetings3 October 2015: Chelsea 1 Southampton 315 March 2015: Chelsea 1 Southampton 128 December 2014: Southampton 1 Chelsea 11 January 2014: Southampton 0 Chelsea 31 December 2013: Chelsea 3 Southampton 1Southampton 1 win, Chelsea 2 wins, 2 drawsFollow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
The $27 million Creation Museum in Florence, Kentucky, built by Answers in Genesis, opened to the public on May 26, after years of planning and construction. It features audio-animatronic dinosaurs, a planetarium, a bookstore, hiking trails and many elaborate exhibits. AIG unashamedly presents a Biblical interpretation of origins, science, history and ultimate destiny of man and the universe – within a Genesis timescale. The entire project was financed by private donations. The New York Times printed a surprisingly favorable review of the museum by Edward Rothstein. His only critical question was as follows:The other catastrophe, in the museum’s view, is of more recent vintage: the abandonment of the Bible by church figures who began to treat the story of creation as if it were merely metaphorical, and by Enlightenment philosophers, who chipped away at biblical authority. The ministry believes this is a slippery slope…. But one problem is that scientific activity presumes that the material world is organized according to unchanging laws, while biblical fundamentalism presumes that those laws are themselves subject to disruption and miracle. Is not that a slippery slope as well, even affecting these analyses?Nevertheless, Rothstein seemed impressed by the experience of walking through the elaborate dioramas. The visitor, he said, “leaves feeling a bit like Adam emerging from Eden, all the world before him, freshly amazed at its strangeness and extravagant peculiarities.”The answer to Rothstein, of course, is that the Darwinists believe in miracles, too (see 05/24/2007). Their miracles are more fantastic and unnatural than anything the Bible ever said. So pick your miracle-worker: a God who has infinite power and intelligence, or time and chance. And, for extra consideration, choose the bottom of the slippery slope you would like to live at: a world of hate, sin, strife and evil, or a world that abides by the moral laws of the Divine lawgiver. Science did pretty well for centuries before atheists co-opted it for their agenda. Read what Madelaine Bunting wrote recently about the new hate-filled atheists in Mail&Guardian Online. Want to follow their lead? A regular reader who visited on opening day may provide another first-hand account soon. In the meantime, watch how the media react to this (and media from around the world were on hand to practice their spinning skills). Some Darwinista organizations, as we said (05/23/2007), are trying to prevent people from going. AIG said that on opening day a protest group with a rock band set up camp nearby. Here are the typical spins you are bound to see:This is bad science and will make America fall behind the world.This museum is brainwashing kids.Can’t we all just get along?Monday evening 5/28, Fox News already interviewed an evolutionist using all three against AIG president Ken Ham. There is only one word you need to know to respond to Darwiniacs who try to use these ploys. HYPOCRISY.(Visited 8 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
(Visited 32 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 The tree of placental mammals has been solved, Darwinians say, if you can handle one little complication.Science Daily begins an article with Fanfare for the Common Descent:The roots of the mammalian family tree have long been shrouded in mystery — when did the placental mammals go their separate ways? Now, researchers say they’ve found where the family tree of placental mammals first branched apart — and when it happened.As the profs at University of Bristol slap their hands together over a job well done, and the press applauds, a carnival of the animals parades by, with armadillos, mice, elephants, lions and monkeys celebrating their kinship with the scientists.The researchers assembled the largest mammalian phylogenomic dataset ever collected before testing it with a variety of models of molecular evolution, choosing the most robust model and then analysing the data using several supercomputer clusters at the University of Bristol and the University of Texas Advanced Computing Centre. “We tested it to destruction,” said Dr Tarver. “We threw the kitchen sink at it.“Astute readers may wonder why this took so long since Darwin, and how the new solution differs from previous attempts to un-shroud the mystery.“A complication in reconstructing evolutionary histories from genomic data is that different parts of genomes can and often do give conflicting accounts of the history,” said Dr Siavash Mirarab at the University of California San Diego, USA. “Individual genes within the same species can have different histories. This is one reason why the controversy has stood so long — many thought the relationships couldn’t be resolved.“Through the wizardry of computerized phylogenetic analysis, the scientists came up with a tree they liked. There was one little complication, but it was quickly subsumed under an auxiliary hypothesis.Previously, scientists thought that when Africa and South America separated from each other over 100 million years ago, they broke up the family of placental mammals, who went their separate evolutionary ways divided by geography. But the researchers found that placental mammals didn’t split up until after Africa and South America had already separated.“We propose that South America’s living endemic Xenarthra (for exmaple [sic], sloths, anteaters, and armadillos) colonized the island-continent via overwater dispersal,” said study author Dr Rob Asher of the University of Cambridge, UK.Maybe the sloth did the backstroke so it could sleep and swim at the same time. Anteaters? Don’t they have a built-in snorkel? And the armadillos might have rolled up into balls to cross the Atlantic. The reporters appear restless as they imagine this.Dr Asher suggests that this isn’t as difficult as you might think. Mammals are among the great adventurers of the animal kingdom, and at the time the proto-Atlantic was only a few hundred miles wide. We already know that New World monkeys crossed the Atlantic later, when it was much bigger, probably on rafts formed from storm debris. And, of course, mammals repeatedly colonised remote islands like Madagascar.Hey, if the monkeys can swim almost 2,000 miles, can’t the rest of you zoo mammals do a few hundred? Where’s your sense of adventure? Just do the dog paddle like those wolves over there. If a cow can jump over the moon, this shouldn’t be so hard for you reporters to swallow. The reputation of Darwin is at stake! Get over it.Wasn’t it the creationists who got laughed to scorn for postulating that animals dispersed to remote continents after the Flood by floating on rafts of debris? The evolutionists could surely test their model. Just show us some monkeys on a raft with a sign that reads, “South America or bust!” Or how about some cows doing the cow paddle in the middle of the Atlantic? Reepicheep in a boat heading for Rio?
Browse through some of the material Brand South Africa created for specific projects such as South Africa’s hosting of the 2010 FIFA World Cup™ and eye-catching promotions of the country via London Taxi Cabs to name just two. SA StoryInteresting facts and figures, business opportunities, the heart-stopping action of the 2010 Fifa World Cup … here you’ll find it all. As you discover the people, passions and ideas that shape South Africa, we know you’ll feel inspired. So read, enjoy – and make plans to write your own chapter in the South African Story. Fly the flag football toolkitFor the first time in history, the biggest soccer tournament on the planet will be hosted in Africa. This is a unique chance to welcome the world and show how proud we are to be South African. Stakeholder Summit 2011Through May and June 2011 Brand South Africa traversed the country, sharing its vision with all of the people of South Africa: a country enriched by its diversity, innovation, possibility, sustainability and ubuntu.! Draw our flagIt’s a potent symbol of unity and progress. It’s the only six-coloured national flag in the world. It’s also one of the youngest, yet whatever shape it takes – and it’s taken more than any other national symbol – it’s instantly recognisable to South Africans everywhere. Learn how to draw our flag! London Taxi CabsBrand South Africa runs an ambitious campaign to raise awareness about South Africa in London by branding traditional British taxis with “South Africa Alive with Possibility” logos and headlines about the country.
8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… As Champ explains, this notable change will preserve the photo’s metadata while still complying with the law. Other policies remain the same. For example, members will still be warned, by way a private message, who is making the claim against them. Flickr will remove the image from the site and will store it so that it can be replaced in the event that the U.S. Copyright Team gives them the go-ahead to do so. Now, however, the existing title, description, comments, tags, notes, etc. on the original photo page will remain available and the photo can still be added to sets and groups. Champ says Flickr will also be reaching out to the copyright teams in other parts of the world to see if they’re interested in enacting the same policy. (The current policy is specific to the U.S. where the DMCA law is enforced.)Overall, the community received the news positively, even though it still allows Flickr to eschew any responsibility of investigating the validity of DMCA copyright claims themselves. The company will continue to delete away no matter who asks, it seems – a move that drew ire from Techcrunch’s Michael Arrington who said they should have checked with their lawyers first before yanking the image. Photographer and rival service Zooomr exec Thomas Hawk also questioned whether the removal was simply sheer incompetence on Flickr’s part. Ultimately, the change is a good one. It’s better for the online community and the photographer whose image is removed, while still respecting the rights of the supposed copyright victim. However, the real problem here may not be how Flickr deals with copyright claims, but the DMCA law itself. When 20-year-old college student Firas Alkhateeb posted a picture of President Obama decked out in Joker facepaint to photo-sharing website Flickr, little did he know that he was going to be the catalyst for a major policy change in how the Yahoo-owned company will handle copyright infringement claims. However, that’s exactly what happened. Thanks to massive outcry from the online community, Yahoo’s legal team allowed Flickr to put the photo’s web page back up. Not the image itself, mind you, but the photo’s page…along with all its accompanying metadata like date posted, tags, and most importantly, user comments. The Story So FarIf you haven’t been following the story (see our initial coverage here and here), the short summary goes like this: Chicago resident Firas Alkhateeb created an image that showed President Obama wearing the makeup of the Joker. He used an image of the President snagged from TIME magazine’s October 23rd, 2006 cover. After uploading his photo to Flickr, an unknown third party doctored the image some more adding the word “socialism” beneath the picture. This doctored image started showing up plastered across cities nationwide as well as on numerous political bloggers’ websites. Flickr, after having received a DMCA take-down notice, removed the photo from Firas’ account. They did this despite the fact that the image could easily be argued to fall into the grey area of “political parody” and the copyright infringement claim itself comes from a character with a questionable background himself and not, as it turns out, from TIME magazine, DC Comics, nor the photographer who took the original photo. Instead, the supposedly infringed-upon party, a Mr. Edward Przydzial, is a freelance photographer whose only proof of his claim comes from a LiveJournal post dated Oct. 9th. Blog posts are easy to backdate which makes the claim questionable in the eyes of the law. To make matters worse, the case highlighted a problem with Flickr’s takedown policy which appears to be “delete first, ask questions later.” Flickr User Suggests a Policy Change, Flickr AgreesWhile for the most part Flickr is standing behind their actions, saying that the law leaves them no choice but to remove images upon receipt of a takedown notice, they have been open to discussion about better ways to comply with the letter of the law without impacting the Flickr community so much as before. In a forum posting on the photo-sharing site, a Flickr user by the name of “The Searcher” debating the company’s DCMA policy, offered the company a suggestion. Instead of simply deleting the photo page in its entirety, the company should just replace the image itself with a blank that reads “this image has been removed for copyright issues,” wrote the user. Flickr’s director of community Heather Champ replied saying she liked the idea and would push it up the food chain. And that she did. According to her follow up post, Flickr decided to make a change to the way they handle takedown notices and, going forward, they will no longer delete the entire photo page, just the image itself. A screenshot of how this will look is posted here and, as suggested, it will feature text that reads: “This image has been removed due to a claim of copyright infringement.” Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… sarah perez Tags:#news#NYT#web#Yahoo Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting
ALPDallas Keuchel1 Because MLB has expanded (offering more starting slots at a given position, and therefore the opportunity for more variance relative to average) and the quality of defensive metrics has improved (allowing metric creators to be more confident in handing out highly positive ratings), the average defensive quality of an “All-Defense” team selected purely using metrics has gradually increased since 1958.4That is the first year when two players at each position, one in each league, got Gold Gloves. Gold Gloves were first awarded in 1957, with one at each position across both leagues. But the average quality of actual Gold Glove winners’ fielding had stayed relatively flat for over 50 years — right up until the introduction of the SDI.The gap between the real Gold Glove winners and what we’ve defined as the sabermetric ideal reached an all-time high of 14 runs in 2005. That year, voters infamously gave Derek Jeter a Gold Glove for what was one of the worst defensive seasons ever at shortstop according to the numbers. Defensive metrics were improving all the time, but the voters didn’t appear to be paying attention.The tide turned, however, with the adoption of the SDI in 2013. Immediately upon its inclusion in the voting process, the average statistical quality of a Gold Glove winner skyrocketed, from 10 runs below the sabermetric ideal in 2012 to half that a year later. Obviously, this is a bit of a circular finding: We’re judging Gold Glove winners against a statistical standard determined by one of the same metrics that goes into the SDI itself. But the leap between the pre- and post-SDI eras is still striking.So striking, in fact, that it even goes beyond what would be expected from the direct influence SDI has on Gold Glove voting by dictating 25 percent of the vote.“We think it’s influenced the managers’ and coaches’ voting,” Vince Gennaro, SABR’s president and a member of the SDI committee, said about SDI in a telephone interview Tuesday. On top of the SDI numbers’ algorithmic role in the voting process, Gennaro believes they have had a pronounced effect in combating incumbency bias and other reputation-based flaws in the human side of the voting. In other words, because they’re so widely available (they’re even listed on the ballots given to Gold Glove voters), the advanced metrics have also influenced the other 75 percent of the vote they don’t directly control.“[Say] you’ve got a guy who’s not a perennial Gold Glove guy, but he really caught your eye this year,” Gennaro said. “Then you see he had 17 runs saved, versus a guy who won it last year at 7. I think it could be very much a validating thing, and it might tip you to make that vote.”Because it essentially involves measuring players against the plays they didn’t make, defense has always been one of the toughest areas of baseball to evaluate statistically. And the absence of detailed defensive data in the past might have caused voters to err on the side of a reputation that was no longer valid (or never was deserved). But now, advanced metrics provide evidence to either support or tear down commonly held beliefs about a player’s defensive prowess, giving them a large amount of sway over both the human and computerized aspects of the Gold Glove process.This isn’t to say that every Gold Glove now conforms to the advanced metrics. For instance, Kansas City Royals teammates Eric Hosmer and Salvador Perez won this year despite ranking sixth and seventh at their respective positions in SDI. But aside from Hosmer and Perez, every other Gold Glover ranked in the top three in SDI at his position, and 10 of the 18 winners ranked first. AL3BManny Machado1 ALLFYoenis Cespedes1 NLRFJason Heyward1 NL1BPaul Goldschmidt2Brandon Belt AL2BJose Altuve3Ian Kinsler LEAGUEPOSITIONGOLD GLOVE WINNERSDI RANKSDI LEADER (IF DIFFERENT) NL3BNolan Arenado1 ALRFKole Calhoun1 NLCFA.J. Pollock3Odubel Herrera NL2BDee Gordon3Danny Espinosa From Tampa Bay’s Kevin Kiermaier to San Francisco’s Brandon Crawford, it was hard to tell this year’s list of Gold Glove winners, announced Tuesday night, from a list of players with the best advanced defensive metrics. That’s no coincidence: Since 2013, Rawlings, the mitt-maker that annually hands out the Gold Glove hardware, has incorporated a statistical component known as the SABR1Which stands for the Society for American Baseball Research. Defensive Index (SDI), giving it at least 25 percent weight in the voting. (The rest of the vote belongs to Major League Baseball managers and coaches.)2SDI gets “at least 25 percent” because SDI can receive more weight — as much as 30 percent, in practice — depending on how many human voters fail to send in their ballots. But the impact of analytic tools is probably undersold by that number. Instead, the case can be made that the advanced stats have almost completely taken over the Gold Glove competition.You can see this effect in how much more closely recent Gold Glove winners have matched the selections that would have been made using only defensive metrics:3In this case, using Baseball-Reference.com’s measure of fielding runs above average, adjusted such that the average MLB player (across all positions) has a value of 0 runs saved. The precision of Baseball-Reference.com’s metric — which uses defensive runs saved for seasons since 2003 and Total Zone for years before that — has changed over time. In recent years, it uses metrics that correspond very closely with those that make up SDI. NLLFStarling Marte2Christian Yelich NLCYadier Molina3Buster Posey ALCSalvador Perez7Caleb Joseph NLSSBrandon Crawford1 ALCFKevin Kiermaier1 NLPZack Greinke1 ALSSAlcides Escobar1 AL1BEric Hosmer6Mike Napoli Likewise, it isn’t completely clear that a wholesale metric takeover of the Gold Gloves would be a good thing. While we can measure whether Gold Gloves are getting closer to the sabermetric ideal, it will take further research to see whether that development means having a Gold Glover in the field leads to his team playing better defense.But since the introduction of the SDI, the Gold Glove process has undeniably become more quantitative. And that’s a pretty big shift for an award that used to be as allergic to meaningful statistics as any in the game.
Iowa linebacker Josey Jewell tackles Ohio State quarterback J.T. Barrett during the Hawkeyes’ game against the Buckeyes on Nov. 4. Credit: Jack Westerheide | Photo EditorIOWA CITY, Iowa — No. 6 Ohio State never led for a single second against Iowa, as the unranked Hawkeyes more than doubled its average of 25 points per game and scored the most points ever against an Urban Meyer-coached team Saturday. A week after completing a 15-point fourth-quarter comeback against Penn State that Meyer called the best of his career, Ohio State (7-2, 5-1 Big Ten) could not make up a 21-point third-quarter deficit and fell 55-24 to Iowa (6-3, 3-3 Big Ten) at Kinnick Stadium.Thousands of gold-and-black-clad fans stormed the field to celebrate the win, which crushed Ohio State’s hopes of reaching the College Football Playoff, just as Buckeye fans had done the week before.“Obviously turnovers, they controlled the line of scrimmage, we couldn’t stop them,” Meyer said dejectedly. “Good team, tough environment, we didn’t play very well.”Everything that went right against the Nittany Lions went wrong for Ohio State against the Hawkeyes. “Coming off an emotional win last week against Penn State, and then walking into a hostile environment that we knew, Kinnick Stadium, it’s got it’s Kinnick Curse or whatever you want to call it,” redshirt center Billy Price said. “We just didn’t come prepared today, we weren’t nine units strong and it resulted with the loss today.”Quarterback J.T. Barrett thrust himself into Heisman Trophy contention with a 33-for-39, 328-passing yard performance against the Nittany Lions, but toiled against the Hawkeyes, completing 18-of-34 passes for 208 yards and rushing for a team-high 14 carries for 63 yards. His game-opening interception was just his first of career-high four interceptions. He drove the Buckeyes down the field 80, 74 and 77 yards on the second, third and fourth drives, respectively. But Ohio State picked up just 33 yards on its next seven drives combined.Leading by 14 points late in the third quarter, Iowa sent its field-goal unit onto the field for what seemed to be a short field goal, but instead delivered a gut punch to Ohio State. Rather than kicking, the Hawkeyes spread the formation out and punter Colten Rastetter hit long snapper Tyler Kluver for an 18-yard gain as Meyer stood beside the side judge and decided not to call a timeout. On the next play, Quarterback Nate Stanley hit tight end T.J. Hockenson for a 2-yard touchdown, extending the lead to three touchdowns.The Hawkeyes took advantage of the Buckeyes’ weak secondary as Stanley went 20-of-31 for 226 yards and finished with a season-high five touchdowns. Tight ends Hockenson and Noah Fant led Iowa with five and four catches for 71 and 54 yards, respectively.“It’s kind of hard to explain [the feeling of the loss],” Lewis said. “Have the feeling of embarrassment, feeling of just… As a leader, I feel like I let a lot of people down.”Iowa relied heavily on speedy running back Akrum Wadley, who took 20 carries 118 yards. The Hawkeyes averaged 6.4 yards per carry, more than any team has rushed for against Ohio State in a single game this season.“Nobody expected that, I don’t think, on the defense because we play defense and take pride in stopping the run,” redshirt senior defensive end Tyquan Lewis said.Though the Hawkeyes entered the game having only scored 20-plus points in half of their eight games, they reached the threshold with 13:41 remaining in the second quarter as the Buckeyes seemed incapable of stopping, or even slowing down the Hawkeyes. Iowa outgained Ohio State 487-371 in total yards and picked up 24 first downs.“You expect to go into every game and dominate and play like the Silver Bullets,” Lewis said. “Obviously it didn’t turn out that way. We’ve just got to bounce back.”Ohio State allowed Penn State to score its first touchdown 15 seconds into the game last Saturday. This week, Iowa one-upped the Nittany Lions as sophomore safety Amani Hooker intercepted Barrett’s first pass attempt and ran it back for the game’s opening touchdown, just eight seconds into the game.Ohio State abandoned its running backs during the majority of the game. J.K. Dobbins and Mike Weber combined for 11 carries and 78 yards. Sophomore defensive end Nick Bosa was flagged and ejected for targeting for a head-to-head hit on Stanley near the end of the second quarter. The Buckeyes will be back in action at noon Saturday when they take on No. 24 Michigan State at Ohio Stadium.
Everton manager Marco Silva admits he has no control over what happens with Andre Gomes’ future after a promising start to his loan spellThe 25-year-old midfielder arrived at Everton in August on a season-long loan deal from Barcelona after a difficult two years.After recovering from a hamstring injury, Gomes has since put his Barcelona troubles behind him by becoming an instant hit at Everton.The Portugal international has made seven Premier League appearances for the Toffees with Silva recently expressing a desire to make his stay permanent.But any chance of sealing a deal in January is something that is out of both Silva and Everton’s hands.“It is not something that it is in our hands,” Silva told Sky Sports.“The best scenario to look at is – it is not just in our hands as a club, not just in the hands of Andre, there is a third party as well.Merson believes Arsenal should sign Sancho Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 Borussia Dortmund winger Jadon Sancho might be the perfect player to play for the Gunners, according to former England international Paul Merson.“Barcelona are included, let’s see when we can talk about the situation.”On how Gomes settled in at Goodison, Silva added: “I think at first, I agree, he is doing very well.“But what is most important for me is the team and the squad, I think it is not fair just to talk about Andre.“If Andre is doing well then he is helping our squad. He is getting better every time, taking his responsibility in the squad is important for me as well.“But if he is doing well it is because his teammates are helping him since the first day.“He’s enjoyed his first two months but let’s see what we can do. We are working on that, I don’t know if I [will have an] answer in one week or two weeks.”Sixth-place Everton will face Watford at home on Monday night in the Premier League.
KUSI Newsroom, San Diego County cities lag in tobacco-control report January 30, 2019 Categories: Health, Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter Posted: January 30, 2019 SAN DIEGO (CNS) – San Diego County cities scored largely below-average grades in the American Lung Association’s annual assessment of tobacco- control policies released Wednesday, with only two cities collecting B grades and five areas receiving Fs.No cities in the county earned the top grade of A.The San Diego County cities receiving B grades were El Cajon and Solana Beach. Receiving Fs were Imperial Beach, La Mesa, Poway, Santee and unincorporated San Diego County area. The city of San Diego received a D.The municipal grades are issued based on a review of four areas — smokefree outdoor air, smokefree housing, reducing sales of tobacco products and addressing emerging issues such as flavored tobacco products.According to the report, California overall leads the nation in efforts to reduce and prevent tobacco use, scoring an A grade for its smokefree air policies, and B grades for funding of tobacco-prevention programs, state tobacco taxes, access to services to help people stop using tobacco and having a minimum age of 21 for the purchase of tobacco.“We are proud that California continues to make progress in addressing the lung health of its people,” according to a statement from Lindsey Freitas, senior director of advocacy for the American Lung Association in California. “By passing a strong tobacco tax in 2016, continuing to support smoking-cessation programs and other key quit tools and standing up to the billions spent in lobbying by Big Tobacco, the state remains a leading nationwide advocate for health lungs and clean air.”But the report cites emerging threats, particularly the popularity of e-cigarettes and vaping, as particularly disturbing. Lung Association officials said there was a 78 percent increase in high school e-cigarette use between 2017 and 2018 nationally.“The tobacco industry continues to find creative ways to hook new generations of smokers by marketing and selling new products,” according to the report. “Local tobacco-control efforts have remained diligent in taking common sense approaches and pushing necessary policies to address new challenges.”According to the report, 50 percent of the state’s population lives in communities receiving a D or F grade, while only 20 percent live in areas with an A or B.According to the Lung Association, the number of cities and counties that received an overall A grade has increased from 18 in 2013 to 39 for 2018. KUSI Newsroom