South Africa Locks Onto Coal Despite Water Risks, Grim Market Trends FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Keith Schneider for Circle of Blue:South Africa’s allegiance to coal mining and coal-fired power generation in an era of rising concern about water supply and quality, and weakening national and global demand is causing a furor in the country’s mining sector, affecting the financial community, and tearing holes in President Jacob Zuma’s veil of privilege and scandal.The national turmoil and a number of distinct regional conditions are tilting the balance of benefits and risks against new coal development in this area, say many residents. A deep two-year drought, the worst ever experienced in northern KwaZulu-Natal, emptied the drinking water reservoirs of Vryheid and nearby Paulpietersburg late last year. Thousands of town residents line up every morning to fill buckets with fresh water transported by tanker trucks from sources as far away as Pongola, a farm town set by the river of the same name that is 132 kilometers (82 miles) east of here.Outside the hill towns, where springs and deep wells are still active, one coal company is drawing nearer to gaining a license to mine a new coal seam near Paulpietersburg. At least nine other companies have been quietly nosing around the steep slopes of the area’s tabletop mountains for unmined reserves.Markets for new reserves are thought to include coal-fired power stations in neighboring Mpumalanga province, and for export. Richards Bay, South Africa’s primary export shipping terminal, is 214 kilometers east (133 miles).Senior managers of the South Africa Department of Mineral Resources declined to be interviewed for this article. The department’s weak public involvement mechanisms and Web site make it difficult for citizens to follow new licensing applications. Farmers, acutely anxious that pollution from new coal mines could contaminate their water, have responded by establishing a new advocacy group, the Pongola River Catchment Protection Association, to keep abreast of mining activity on the ground, and to oppose new mineral development.Full article: South Africa Locks Onto Coal Despite Water Risks, Grim Market Trends More here.
Share Tweet Directions:Rinse fish fillets and pat dry with paper towels. Cut fish into 1-inch cubes. Set aside. Thaw shrimp, if frozen. Peel and devein shrimp, leaving the tails intact. Rinse shrimp; pat dry. Set aside.Cut off and discard upper stalks of fennel bulbs, reserving some of the leafy fronds. Snip 2 tablespoons of the fronds for use in the marinade. Remove any wilted outer layers from bulbs; cut off a thin slice from base of each bulb. Wash and cut each bulb lengthwise into six wedges. Cook wedges, covered, in a small amount of boiling water about 5 minutes or until nearly tender; drain.Place fish cubes, shrimp, and fennel wedges in a self-sealing plastic bag set in a deep bowl. For marinade, stir together snipped fennel fronds, olive oil, lemon juice, garlic, oregano, and salt. Pour over seafood and fennel wedges. Close bag. Marinate in the refrigerator for 2 hours, turning occasionally.Drain fish cubes, shrimp, and fennel wedges, discarding marinade. Thread fish cubes, shrimp, and fennel wedges on skewers, alternating varieties. (If desired, transport in a covered shallow container in an insulated cooler with ice packs. Grill within 1 hour.)Place on a greased rack of a grill directly over medium-hot coals; grill, uncovered, for 8 to 12 minutes, turning often, until fish flakes when tested with a fork and shrimp turn opaque. Makes 6 servings.Recipe provided by: Better Homes and Gardens Share Sharing is caring! Share Food & DiningLifestyle Seafood Kabobs. by: – June 30, 2011 Seafood KabobsThese fish and shrimp kabobs include wedges of fennel.The fish, shrimp, and fennel are placed in a marinade that contains fennel, garlic, lemon, and oregano for an authentic Mediterranean flavor.After marinating, these seafood kabobs are grilled to create a delicious entree.Ingredients:1 pound skinless fresh fish fillets, 1-inch thick (salmon, halibut, sea bass, and/or red snapper)1/2 pound fresh or frozen medium shrimp in shells2 medium fennel bulbs1/4 cup olive oil3 tablespoons lemon juice4 cloves garlic, minced3 tablespoons snipped fresh oregano1/4 teaspoon salt 62 Views no discussions
Bruce Grobbelaar believes Steven Gerrard’s decision to call time on his England career is down to his determination to win the Premier League with Liverpool.Gerrard has never won the title and, having come so close last year, Grobbelaar reckons the Reds skipper has quit international duty in order to focus all his energies on achieving his dream.“His last wish is to lift the Premier League trophy,” said the former Liverpool goalkeeper, speaking on Extra Time.“He wants to win the title. He has dedicated himself to the club and he is going to do his best to make sure, in his last four years, the club win the Premier League. Then he can say he has done it all.”Former England boss Sven-Goran Eriksson believes Gerrard should have continued his international career, but Grobbelaar insists the 34-year-old has made the right call, for himself and for his club.“He has played flat out for England for many, many years and he has done very well. Now he needs to be focused on the Liverpool set-up and I think that is an admirable thing to do,” added the Anfield great.“For the club, it is a brilliant decision, because when you go to all these places to play these friendlies with the national side, he could come back with an injury and that could affect Liverpool in the Champions League. It is very good that he has done it.”
Olivia AriahadiDaughter of Ari and Bethany AriahadiBorn at PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center’s Family Birth Center at 9:50 p.m. SaturdayMya Rae BradfordDaughter of Catlin Larsen and Nadir BradfordBorn at PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center’s Family Birth Center at 12:23 a.m. SundayThey’re tiny and beautiful girls, both with black hair, swaddled in hospital blankets and sleeping peacefully in mother’s arms. Their dads watch from a sofa near the window, and when they go home from the hospital Monday, they’ll have a chance to meet their siblings.But there’s a major difference between Olivia Ariahadi and Mya Rae Bradford. Olivia, you see, has a year on the girl down the hall at PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center’s Family Birth Center. Born at 9:50 p.m. on New Year’s Eve, she was the last baby of 2011. Mya Rae entered the world at 12:23 a.m., apparently the first baby to arrive at any Portland-area hospital in 2012. (The first metro-area baby that will have a 2012 Oregon birth certificate arrived at 12:27 a.m. in Beaverton).Not that Olivia was in any mood to reflect on 2011 as she slept through her first media interview at about 9 a.m. Sunday. But her parents, Ari and Bethany Ariahadi, couldn’t be more pleased. Or perhaps surprised.“We weren’t trying, for the record,” said Bethany Ariahadi. With a due date of Jan. 4, the couple, who live “just down the street” from the medical center, were expecting a 2012 arrival. But when Bethany went into laborabout suppertime, they knew it wasn’t to be.The Ariahadis coincidentally chose one of 2011’s most popular baby names when they named their new daughter Olivia Joy. According to the state Department of Health, which registers birth certificates, Olivia was the state’s second-most-popular name for girls in 2010 (the latest year available) and fourth nationally.